'We have worked energetically with our American counterparts,' says foreign minister
As it lobbied to exempt Canadian products from Donald Trump's new tariffs, the Trudeau government had to contend with a fear on the American side that Chinese steel and aluminum products were getting into the United States through Canada, according to a senior government official.
The American administration has singled out China in arguing that tariffs are needed to respond to unfair trading practices — but Canada is the largest supplier of steel and aluminum to the United States.
According to the senior government official, speaking on condition of anonymity, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau used his conversation with U.S. President Trump earlier this week to counter a suggestion that Canada was a conduit for Chinese products.
Trudeau is said to have told the president that Canadian steel and aluminum workers would be surprised to hear that their products are actually Chinese. He also reminded Trump that Canadian steel and aluminum are used to build American tanks and fighter jets.
Canadian ministers and officials reached out to more than a dozen American players after Trump's surprising announcement last week that he would be imposing new import tariffs — 25 per cent on steel and 10 per cent on aluminum.
Those American officials included: Peter Navarro, Trump's trade adviser; John Kelly, his chief of staff; Jared Kushner, the president's son in-law and adviser; Defense Secretary James Mattis; Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross; Treasury Secretary Seth Mnuchin; H.R. McMaster, the president's national security advisor; Gary Cohn, his chief economic adviser (who announced this week he was quitting the White House — reportedly over the tariff decision); U.S. Ambassador to Canada Kelly Craft; Congressman Kevin Brady, chair of the ways and means committee; Stephen Schwarzman, CEO of the Blackstone Group and an adviser to Trump; and Tom Donahue, president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
In addition to Trump, Trudeau spoke to U.S. House Speaker Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.
"In recent days, we have worked energetically with our American counterparts to secure an exemption for Canada from these tariffs," Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland told reporters on Thursday, acknowledging the efforts of premiers, business leaders, labour leaders and parliamentarians from multiple parties.
The United States is approaching the tariffs as a national security issue and Freeland singled out Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan's engagement on the issue. Sajjan spoke with Mattis, his American counterpart.
"We have said from the outset it would be completely unacceptable for tariffs to be levied on Canada as part of a national security consideration," Freeland said.
A briefing note prepared for Freeland ahead of the meeting with John Kelly in March 2017, when Kelly was the secretary for homeland security, suggests concerns about steel and aluminum products pre-date the past week's threat of tariffs.
The note, obtained via an access to information request, reads: "After some exchanges of information on measures in force, officials from the Canada Border Services Agency and U.S. Customs & Border Protection are currently planning a compliance operation on a steel product."
Freeland was also told that, "on aluminum, like in the United States, the Canadian industry has also raised concerns about misclassification of exports from China and we would be happy to work with U.S. Customs on this type of issue as well."